The air around you is one thing that helps a paper airplane fly. … The aerodynamics of a paper airplane will determine the distance and ease at which it flies. The aerodynamics of the plane will need to have little drag and be light enough to defy gravity. Paper airplanes also use the forces of lift and thrust.
How does drag affect a paper airplane?
When you throw a paper plane in the air, you are giving the plane a push to move forward. … At the same time, air pushing back against the plane is slowing it down, creating a drag force. The weight of the paper plane also affects its flight, as gravity pulls it down toward Earth.
Does a heavier paper airplane fly farther?
In the same way a rock that is thrown pushes its way through the air as compared to a cotton ball, a paper airplane with more mass flies faster and farther than a paper plane with less mass, up to a point. If the mass is too great, the wings can’t hold the plane in the air.
What design of paper airplane flies the farthest?
There are four forces that act on a plane when it’s flying. Drag, lift, weight and thrust – this need to be in balance for the plane to fly (Scholastic 2014). From the results of testing design number 2 flew the furthest with both the plane launcher and people throwing it.
How do planes reduce drag?
Engineers reduce friction drag by making the airplane more streamlined, the wings narrower, or by using new materials that make the surface more smooth, decreasing the ability for the force of drag to effect it. As the roughness and surface area of the airplane decreases the friction drag will decrease.
Does the size of a paper airplane affect the distance?
“Yes, wingspan will affect flight, however there will be a point where the size of the wingspan will create too much weight and drag to be effective. For a glider, which a paper airplane is the more lift the glider has the longer it can fly.
Who threw the World Record Paper Airplane?
On Feb. 26, former college football quarterback Joe Ayoob threw a paper airplane that soared almost the entire length of a hangar at McLellan Air Force Base near Sacramento, Calif. The fold piece of paper covered a distance of 226 feet, 10 inches, or three-fourths of the length of a football field.
What is the best paper airplane in the world?
Watch the video: In 2012, former Cal Berkeley quarterback Joe Ayoob officially broke the Guinness World Record by flying a John Collins designed paper airplane 69.14 meters (226 feet, 10 inches) — that’s 5.95 meters or 19 feet, 6 inches farther than the previous record.
How do you make a perfect airplane?
Paper Airplane DIY
- Fold the paper in half horizontally.
- Unfold the paper and fold each of the top corners into the center line.
- Fold the peak down to meet the edge of the previous fold.
- Fold the upper sides into the center line.
- Fold the top edge 1/2” away from you.
- Fold the plane in half towards you.
What is the longest time a paper airplane has flown?
The longest time flying a paper aircraft is 29.2 sec and was achieved by Takuo Toda (Japan), in Fukuyama City, Hiroshima, Japan, on 19 December 2010.
What is the best wing shape for a paper airplane?
As with most flying machines, a paper airplane is most effective while maintaining a balance of these four concepts, and it is also usually effective in one of two basic designs: Triangular styles like the Suzanne are sturdy and outfitted for the best possible initial thrust, while rectangular shaped paper planes cover …
What makes a good paper airplane design?
We have Thrust — that’s what makes a plane go forward, Drag — that’s what slows a plane down, Gravity — which pulls the plane back to the earth, and Lift — which keeps the plane aloft. To create a successful paper airplane design, you should maximize Thrust and Lift, and minimize Drag.