Which section of the far discusses the equipment required to be on an airplane?

91-67 – Minimum Equipment Requirements for General Aviation Operations Under FAR Part 91. Describes acceptable methods for the operation of aircraft under Federal Aviation Regulations Part 91 with certain inoperative instrument and equipment, which are not essential for safe flight.

Which regulation pertains to instrument and equipment requirements?

14 CFR § 91.205 – Powered civil aircraft with standard category U.S. airworthiness certificates: Instrument and equipment requirements. CFR | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute.

Which of the required documents on board an aircraft has to be in view?

In the US, a common mnemonic for the documents that must be on board an aircraft is ARROW: Airworthiness Certificate. Registration Certificate. Radio Station License (international flights only)

What equipment is required for VFR day flight?

For VFR flight during the day, the following in- struments and equipment are required: (1) Airspeed indicator. (2) Altimeter. (3) Magnetic direction indicator.

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What is a Part 23 aircraft?

Specifically, the new part 23 revolutionizes standards for airplanes weighing 19,000 pounds or less and with 19 or fewer passenger seats by replacing prescriptive requirements with performance-based standards coupled with consensus-based compliance methods for specific designs and technologies.

Do pilots use feet or meters?

The altimeters in our aircraft are calibrated in feet. When flying into metric airspace, we use a conversion card. When Shanghai Control clears us to descend to 3600 meters, we check the card and descend to the equivalent: 11,800 feet.

What are the 4 parts of an Mel?

The operators MEL document must include at least the following elements: 1) Table of Contents, 2) Log of Revisions, 3) Preamble and Definitions, and 4) a Control Page defining the current revision status of each page contained within the MEL.

Does airworthiness certificate expire?

A standard airworthiness certificate remains valid as long as the aircraft meets its approved type design, is in a condition for safe operation and maintenance, preventative maintenance, and alterations are performed in accordance with 14 CFR parts 21, 43, and 91.

What is the minimum hours for your private pilot license?

Requirements

Total Hours Required
Private Pilot License 40 Hours
Commercial Pilot Certificate 250 Hours
Airline Transport Pilot Certificate 1,500 Hours

What documents must a pilot carry?

A pilot must carry a government issued photo ID, pilot certificate, and medical certificate. When exercising the pilot privileges as a required flight crewmember, the pilot must have in physical possession, or readily accessible in the aircraft, a valid pilot certificate or special authorization.

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Is a transponder required for VFR flight?

In general, no, a transponder is not required equipment. … This exception is found in § 91.215(b)(3), which states that if the aircraft is a glider or balloon, or was not certificated with an engine-driven electrical system, it can be operated within the “veil” without a Mode C transponder.

Can you fly VFR at night?

Prudent pilots typically set higher weather minimums for night VFR flights. FAR 91.157—In order to get a Special VFR clearance at night, you must have an instrument rating, an instrument-equipped airplane, 1 mile visibility, be able to remain clear of clouds, and a Special VFR clearance from air traffic control.

What are the minimums for VFR flight?

14 CFR § 91.155 – Basic VFR weather minimums.

Airspace Flight visibility Distance from clouds
More than 1,200 feet above the surface but less than 10,000 feet MSL
Day 1 statute mile 500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.

What is the difference between Part 121 and Part 135?

Part 121 deals with commercial air service, flights that are scheduled, and have paying passengers, i.e. customers. … Part 135 regulates the on-demand flights and scheduled charter flights. Scheduled charter flights are usually limited to a few days a week.

What is a Class 2 aircraft?

Class II airplanes, which typically are multiple reciprocating engine, multiple turbine engine and single turbine engine airplanes under 6,000 pounds. … Class IV airplanes, which typically are commuter category airplanes. All weights are based on maximum certificated gross takeoff weight.

What is a Part 121?

Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Part 121 Certification allows a company to act as a scheduled airline. Compared to Part 135 certification, Part 121 is required for carriers who are transporting larger numbers of passengers (i.e. a group jet charter). …

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