Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below. The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor. Because of this, few clouds are found in this layer; almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere.
Do planes fly in troposphere?
You’ll probably discover that it flies somewhere in the troposphere, which is important for two reasons: the air is thin enough to minimize drag, yet it’s also thick enough to produce an adequate amount of lift. For these reasons, commercial jets almost always fly in the troposphere.
Can planes fly in mesosphere?
The mesosphere is a layer of Earth’s atmosphere. The mesosphere is directly above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. … Weather balloons and other aircraft cannot fly high enough to reach the mesosphere. Satellites orbit above the mesosphere and cannot directly measure traits of this layer.
What layer of the atmosphere is the highest that an airplane can fly?
The layer of atmosphere that MOST planes fly in is called the troposphere.
Why do planes fly in an arc?
The Earth Is 3D, Maps are 2D
As a result, the shortest path between two locations is in fact an arc, thus the reason airlines prefer this trajectory. Any by choosing the shortest possible flight trajectory, airlines save money in several ways. First, it takes less fuel to fly a short path rather than a lone one.
Do pilots sleep while flying?
Do pilots sleep in flight? The simple answer is yes, pilots do and are allowed to sleep during flight but there are strict rules controlling this practice. Pilots would only normally sleep on long haul flights, although sleep on short haul flights is permitted to avoid the effects of fatigue.
Can you breathe at 35000 feet?
Whether you are flying aboard a small Cessna or a jumbo-sized Airbus A380, you can breathe freely inside the cabin without wearing a mask or respirator. Even at a cruising altitude of 35,000 feet, you shouldn’t have trouble breathing.
What’s the highest a plane has ever flown?
On February 17, 1986, The highest altitude obtained by a soaring aircraft was set at 49,009 ft (14,938 m) by Robert Harris using lee waves over California City, United States.
What happens if a plane goes too high?
When the plane gets too high, there is insufficient oxygen to fuel the engines. “The air is less dense at altitude, so the engine can suck in less and less air per second as it goes higher and at some point the engine can no longer develop sufficient power to climb.” …
What’s the coldest layer of the atmosphere?
Located between about 50 and 80 kilometers (31 and 50 miles) above Earth’s surface, the mesosphere gets progressively colder with altitude. In fact, the top of this layer is the coldest place found within the Earth system, with an average temperature of about minus 85 degrees Celsius (minus 120 degrees Fahrenheit).
What layer do we live in?
The troposphere is the lowest layer of the atmosphere. This is the layer where we live and where weather happens.
Do planes fly in the ozone layer?
Commercial aircraft routinely fly through the lower edges of the ozone layer. The systems that provide a breathable atmosphere for the passengers, includes a catalyst filter to destroy / reduce the amount of ozone in the air they pump into the cabin.
What layer is the ozone in?
Additional Information. Most atmospheric ozone is concentrated in a layer in the stratosphere, about 9 to 18 miles (15 to 30 km) above the Earth’s surface (see the figure below).
Why do planes not fly over the Pacific?
The primary reason airplanes don’t fly over the Pacific Ocean is because curved routes are shorter than straight routes. … Whether a commercial airline is flying from the United States to Asia or elsewhere, it will have the fastest and most fuel-efficient flight by performing a curved rout.
Why do planes not fly over Antarctica?
A Lack of Infrastructure. It is fair to say that there isn’t much infrastructure on Antarctica at all, let alone towers and airports and other structures which can help airplanes take off, land, and navigate. The lack of such an infrastructure can make flying over Antarctica like flying over the sea.
What is the shortest flight in the world?
The record holder for the world’s shortest commercial flight is scheduled for just 90 seconds. In good conditions, Loganair’s 1.7-mile jaunt between the Scottish islands of Westray (population: 640) and Papa Westray (population: 72) in the Orkneys, off the north coast of the mainland, can take under a minute.