Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below. The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor. Because of this, few clouds are found in this layer; almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere.
Are planes in the troposphere?
Being that Earth’s troposphere is between 23,000 and 65,000 feet — depending on the season and latitude, at least — this means that commercial jets are almost always within the troposphere. The only exception is when a commercial jet is taking off or landing, in which case it will obviously reach lower altitudes.
Can planes fly in mesosphere?
The mesosphere is a layer of Earth’s atmosphere. The mesosphere is directly above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. … Weather balloons and other aircraft cannot fly high enough to reach the mesosphere. Satellites orbit above the mesosphere and cannot directly measure traits of this layer.
What layer of the atmosphere is the highest that an airplane can fly?
The layer of atmosphere that MOST planes fly in is called the troposphere.
Can you breathe in the stratosphere?
The stratosphere is not a good place to be. First, the ozone in the stratosphere, which protects us from biologically destructive solar ultraviolet light, exists at such high levels that the air itself is toxic. Second, even this toxic air is much too thin for normal breathing.
What layer do we live in?
The Troposphere: Beginning at the surface of Earth, the troposphere extends to around seven miles up. This is the layer we live in and contains most of what we consider to be “the atmosphere”, including the air we breathe and nearly all of the weather and clouds we see.
Which is the coldest layer?
Mesosphere, altitude and temperature characteristics
The top of the mesosphere is the coldest area of the Earth’s atmosphere because temperature may locally decrease to as low as 100 K (-173°C).
What’s the highest a plane has ever flown?
On February 17, 1986, The highest altitude obtained by a soaring aircraft was set at 49,009 ft (14,938 m) by Robert Harris using lee waves over California City, United States.
What happens if a plane goes too high?
When the plane gets too high, there is insufficient oxygen to fuel the engines. “The air is less dense at altitude, so the engine can suck in less and less air per second as it goes higher and at some point the engine can no longer develop sufficient power to climb.” …
What is the most abundant gas in the atmosphere?
The atmosphere contains many gases, most in small amounts, including some pollutants and greenhouse gases. The most abundant gas in the atmosphere is nitrogen, with oxygen second. Argon, an inert gas, is the third most abundant gas in the atmosphere.
Do planes fly in the ozone layer?
Commercial aircraft routinely fly through the lower edges of the ozone layer. The systems that provide a breathable atmosphere for the passengers, includes a catalyst filter to destroy / reduce the amount of ozone in the air they pump into the cabin.
Why do planes fly in an arc?
The Earth Is 3D, Maps are 2D
As a result, the shortest path between two locations is in fact an arc, thus the reason airlines prefer this trajectory. Any by choosing the shortest possible flight trajectory, airlines save money in several ways. First, it takes less fuel to fly a short path rather than a lone one.
What layer is the ozone in?
Additional Information. Most atmospheric ozone is concentrated in a layer in the stratosphere, about 9 to 18 miles (15 to 30 km) above the Earth’s surface (see the figure below).
Can you breathe at 35000 feet?
Whether you are flying aboard a small Cessna or a jumbo-sized Airbus A380, you can breathe freely inside the cabin without wearing a mask or respirator. Even at a cruising altitude of 35,000 feet, you shouldn’t have trouble breathing.
What 2 things can fly in the stratosphere?
Air is roughly a thousand times thinner at the top of the stratosphere than it is at sea level. Because of this, jet aircraft and weather balloons reach their maximum operational altitudes within the stratosphere.
At what height can you not breathe?
An elevation of about 20,000 feet above sea level is the maximum height at which sufficient oxygen exists in the air to sustain us. By comparison, the summit of Mount Everest (the Earth’s highest mountain) lies at 29,141 feet.