Commercial jet aircraft fly in the lower stratosphere to avoid the turbulence which is common in the troposphere below. The stratosphere is very dry; air there contains little water vapor. Because of this, few clouds are found in this layer; almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere.
Do planes fly above the troposphere?
Although there are exceptions, most commercial jets fly at around 28,000 to 35,000 feet. … Commercial jets can certainly fly above or below the troposphere, but this layer of the atmosphere offers ideal flying conditions for several reasons.
Do planes fly in the mesosphere?
The mesosphere is a layer of Earth’s atmosphere. The mesosphere is directly above the stratosphere and below the thermosphere. … Weather balloons and other aircraft cannot fly high enough to reach the mesosphere. Satellites orbit above the mesosphere and cannot directly measure traits of this layer.
What layer of the atmosphere is the highest that an airplane can fly?
The layer of atmosphere that MOST planes fly in is called the troposphere.
Why do planes fly in an arc?
The Earth Is 3D, Maps are 2D
As a result, the shortest path between two locations is in fact an arc, thus the reason airlines prefer this trajectory. Any by choosing the shortest possible flight trajectory, airlines save money in several ways. First, it takes less fuel to fly a short path rather than a lone one.
Why planes do not fly over Tibet?
According Debapriyo, most commercial airlines avoid flying directly over the Himalayas. This is because “the Himalayas have mountains higher than 20,000 feet, including Mt Everest standing at 29,035 feet. However, most commercial airplanes can fly at 30,000 feet.” … The Himalayan region has almost no flat surfaces.
Are planes checked before every flight?
Some people think that before taking off in an airplane the pilot simply has a casual glance at it. Perhaps he kicks the types, checks the fuel gauges to makes sure he has enough fuel, and then just departs. But this is very far from the case. All good pilots use pre-flight checklists before every flight.
What happens if a plane goes too high?
When the plane gets too high, there is insufficient oxygen to fuel the engines. “The air is less dense at altitude, so the engine can suck in less and less air per second as it goes higher and at some point the engine can no longer develop sufficient power to climb.” …
Do planes fly in the ozone layer?
Commercial aircraft routinely fly through the lower edges of the ozone layer. The systems that provide a breathable atmosphere for the passengers, includes a catalyst filter to destroy / reduce the amount of ozone in the air they pump into the cabin.
What layer do we live in?
The Troposphere: Beginning at the surface of Earth, the troposphere extends to around seven miles up. This is the layer we live in and contains most of what we consider to be “the atmosphere”, including the air we breathe and nearly all of the weather and clouds we see.
Can planes fly in the thermosphere?
The thermosphere is one of the layers in the atmosphere. Too thin for planes to fly and too cold for humans to survive.
What layer is ozone?
Additional Information. Most atmospheric ozone is concentrated in a layer in the stratosphere, about 9 to 18 miles (15 to 30 km) above the Earth’s surface (see the figure below). Ozone is a molecule that contains three oxygen atoms.
What is the coldest layer of the atmosphere?
Located between about 50 and 80 kilometers (31 and 50 miles) above Earth’s surface, the mesosphere gets progressively colder with altitude. In fact, the top of this layer is the coldest place found within the Earth system, with an average temperature of about minus 85 degrees Celsius (minus 120 degrees Fahrenheit).
Why do planes only fly east?
The jet stream is the real reason your flight time varies depending on the direction of your destination. Jet streams are air currents that happen at very high altitudes, including those which planes frequently fly in. … These jet streams tend to move in a wavy pattern from west to east, aided by the earth’s rotation.
What is the shortest flight in the world?
The record holder for the world’s shortest commercial flight is scheduled for just 90 seconds. In good conditions, Loganair’s 1.7-mile jaunt between the Scottish islands of Westray (population: 640) and Papa Westray (population: 72) in the Orkneys, off the north coast of the mainland, can take under a minute.
What is the longest direct flight?
Singapore Airlines’ direct flight from Singapore to Newark, New Jersey, is currently the longest flight in the world, lasting around 18 hours and 30 minutes and traveling 9,534 miles.