What is VFR and IFR?

By James Thole | March 28, 2019 | 0. There are two sets of rules for flying any aircraft: VFR and IFR. VFR stands for “Visual Flight Rules.” IFR stands for “Instrument Flight Rules.” The weather conditions are usually the determining factor for which set of rules a pilot will choose.

What is difference between IFR and VFR?

IFR requires a ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL) and/or visibility of fewer than three miles. VFR requires a ceiling greater than 3,000 feet AGL and visibility that’s greater than five miles.

What do VFR and IFR mean?

Aircraft flying in the National Airspace System operate under two basic categories of flight: Visual Flight Rules (VFR) and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).

Is IFR safer than VFR?

IFR flying is astronomically more challenging than is VFR flying, but those pilots who achieve this distinction are invariably better and safer pilots, both when flying IFR and when flying VFR. Aviating under IFR, a pilot is authorized to fly into clouds in what is called zero visibility.

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What does IFR stand for?

A pilot holding a Private Pilot License (PPL) must fly in VFR conditions. IFR stands for “Instrument Flight Rules” and allows a pilot who is Instrument Rated (IR) to operate an aircraft by relying almost solely on instruments.

Do airlines fly IFR or VFR?

Generally the airlines operating procedures will only permit IFR operation. Occasionally non-revenue flights for aircraft positioning etc, will operate VFR for expediency.

What is needed for IFR?

In the United States, instruments required for IFR flight in addition to those that are required for VFR flight are: heading indicator, sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure, clock with a sweep-second pointer or digital equivalent, attitude indicator, radios and suitable avionics for the route to be …

What are IFR minimums?

2. Instrument Flight Rules (IFR): Ceilings 500 to less than 1,000 feet and/or visibility 1 to less than 3 miles. IFR = 500-1000′ and/or 1-3 miles. In other words, you must be on an IFR Flight plan or request Special VFR clearance from tower.

How high can you fly VFR?

An aircraft must maintain an altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.

Can VFR pilots fly at night?

Departures. Night departures, regardless of conditions, should be considered instrument flight—even by VFR pilots. There are just too many illusions and problems that can arise to foul up your visual senses.

How much does an IFR rating cost?

An instrument rating costs around $8,000 which is primarily driven by the 40 required actual or simulated instrument flight training hours, as well as small costs for study materials and examination fees.

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How hard is IFR?

The IFR rating is very doable. I considered the effort level very similar to the effort I put in the private cert. IFR has more rules that directly impact the flight so there’s more book learning. Work hard, it’s worth it.

How long is IFR rating?

It takes a minimum of 40 hours of instrument time to obtain an instrument rating. Instrument time is the time you spend flying the airplane while looking only at the instruments on the instrument panel.

Can a VFR pilot file IFR?

A VFR pilot can file whatever he wants, but filing ifr as a vfr pilot sounds like a great way to end up killing yourself. ATC will give him an IFR clearance too if he files for it, ATC doesn’t check to make sure pilots have their ifr ticket.

Is DME required for IFR?

The aircraft must be equipped with a DME receiver if DME is required to fly the approach procedure(s) at the alternate airport. Aircraft utilizing IFR GPS in lieu of DME operating at or above FL240 are not required to be equipped with DME.

Is VOR required for IFR?

The federal aviation regulations, specifically 14 CFR 91.205, detail the equipment needed for different flight conditions, such as day VFR, night VFR, IFR, etc. … The answer is obviously no for the pilot flying IFR solely (from a legal perspective) in reliance on the VORs.

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