The regulations usually require that pilots fly no lower than 1000 feet over built-up areas, or 500 feet over any other area, and we may investigate low flying incidents. To investigate a low flying incident, we need enough information to identify the aircraft.
What is the minimum height a plane can fly?
The Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) Part 91.119 indicates that, except when necessary for departure or landing, the minimum altitude over urban areas is 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL) and 500 feet AGL over rural areas.
How low are you allowed to fly?
Low flying rules in the US
An aircraft must maintain an altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.
How fast can a plane fly at low altitude?
Commercial aircraft are capable of, and in fact, do, operate at high speed (>250 knots indicated airspeed [KIAS]) at low altitude (below 10,000′ above ground level) worldwide.
What is the minimum safe altitude anywhere?
An altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.
Why do planes fly at 35000 feet?
The “sweet spot” of flying is regarded as between 35,000 and 42,000 feet – too high and the oxygen becomes too sparse to fuel the engines, too low and the air resistance is greater. This optimum height is linked to the usual weight of a commercial jet – that is, heavier planes fly lower, and lighter higher.
Why do planes do not fly over the Pacific?
The primary reason airplanes don’t fly over the Pacific Ocean is because curved routes are shorter than straight routes. Flat maps are somewhat confusing because the Earth itself isn’t flat. Rather, it’s spherical. As a result, straight routes don’t offer the shortest distance between two locations.
Can helicopters fly low?
Helicopters can fly as low as they want as long as the operation is conducted without hazard to persons or property on the surface.
How high should helicopters fly?
Helicopters typically fly at altitudes of 10,000 feet, which provides the optimal atmosphere for maneuvering. As the helicopter climbs in altitude, the air gets thinner, requiring the blades to work harder to generate the same amount of lift.
Can a VFR pilot fly above clouds?
“The short answer is yes. You may legally fly on top as long as you can maintain the appropriate VFR cloud clearances. … The only regulatory restriction is that student pilots are not allowed to fly above a cloud layer without ground reference.
What is the biggest plane in the world?
By the numbers, the Stratolaunch — code name “Roc” — is the largest plane ever built. Its wings measure 385 feet across, longer than a professional football field. Its twin fuselages are 238 feet long, while its tail height is 50 feet.
Why do planes fly so low sometimes?
Why do the aircraft fly so low? Aircraft have to fly low in order to properly line up with the runways and execute safe landings. Aircraft may, however, appear to be lower than they actually are because their large sizes make them look closer.
How Slow Can a 747 fly?
A fully loaded Boeing 747 ‘Jumbo Jet’ on a normal long haul flight would take off at a speed of around 160 knots which is 184 mph.
Can you legally land a plane anywhere?
In general, you can land on any public land that is not a place someone else would be (like a road). If you land on a road without good reason, it could be construed as reckless. In remote areas like Alaska landing off field is routine and occurs as a matter of course.
Can you fly below radar?
It is certainly possible to fly “under the radar.” Military pilots practice a type of flying called nap-of-the-earth for exactly this purpose. … In civil aviation, mountains or other terrain can block radar signals. Going too low in a mountainous area will take you out of their radar coverage.
Can I fly a helicopter anywhere?
the answer is usually “yes,” as long as no ordinances or laws are broken. Helicopters are not under the same rules as airplanes are, which have to fly a minimum of 1,000 feet above congested areas and 500 feet everywhere else.