There are two sets of rules for flying any aircraft: VFR and IFR. VFR stands for “Visual Flight Rules.” IFR stands for “Instrument Flight Rules.” The weather conditions are usually the determining factor for which set of rules a pilot will choose.
What is the difference between IFR and VFR?
IFR requires a ceiling less than 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL) and/or visibility of fewer than three miles. VFR requires a ceiling greater than 3,000 feet AGL and visibility that’s greater than five miles.
What does instrument flight rules mean?
Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) are rules which allow properly equipped aircraft to be flown under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC).
What does VFR and IFR mean?
Aircraft flying in the National Airspace System operate under two basic categories of flight: Visual Flight Rules (VFR) and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).
Do airlines fly IFR or VFR?
Generally the airlines operating procedures will only permit IFR operation. Occasionally non-revenue flights for aircraft positioning etc, will operate VFR for expediency.
Is IFR easier than VFR?
IFR flying is astronomically more challenging than is VFR flying, but those pilots who achieve this distinction are invariably better and safer pilots, both when flying IFR and when flying VFR. Aviating under IFR, a pilot is authorized to fly into clouds in what is called zero visibility.
What is BTH Flight Rule?
BTH probably means: Begin. Total-engine-overhaul-shop.
Can you fly VFR at night?
Prudent pilots typically set higher weather minimums for night VFR flights. FAR 91.157—In order to get a Special VFR clearance at night, you must have an instrument rating, an instrument-equipped airplane, 1 mile visibility, be able to remain clear of clouds, and a Special VFR clearance from air traffic control.
What does squawk mean?
1 : to utter a harsh abrupt scream. 2 : to complain or protest loudly or vehemently opponents of the bill squawked. squawk. noun.
What does VFR direct stand for?
used to mean jumping several levels in the bureaucratic chain, as in “he went VFR direct to the Chief of Staff”, from aviation jargon “visual flight rules, direct” meaning a simple flight plan.
What is needed for IFR?
In the United States, instruments required for IFR flight in addition to those that are required for VFR flight are: heading indicator, sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure, clock with a sweep-second pointer or digital equivalent, attitude indicator, radios and suitable avionics for the route to be …
How high can you fly VFR?
An aircraft must maintain an altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.
Can a VFR pilot file IFR?
A VFR pilot can file whatever he wants, but filing ifr as a vfr pilot sounds like a great way to end up killing yourself. ATC will give him an IFR clearance too if he files for it, ATC doesn’t check to make sure pilots have their ifr ticket.
Can you fly IMC without an IFR flight plan?
The videos you were watching did not mean to imply that you can fly in IMC in uncontrolled airspace without an IFR rating. … In fact, it is legal for a pilot with an IFR rating to fly in IMC in uncontrolled airspace, at least under some circumstances.
Is a VSI required for IFR flight?
Of course; a VSI is not required equipment for VFR or IFR flight. Tape a note or label on it (“INOPERATIVE”), and go flying. (A VSI has no power source and merely relies on changing static pressure).