How much fuel reserve must you have for a VFR night flight?
3.6 “Fuel and oil supply” requires: For IFR, enough fuel to reach destination, then alternate (if required), plus 45 minutes. For day VFR, enough fuel to reach destination plus 30 minutes. For night VFR, enough fuel to reach destination plus 45 minutes.
What is the minimum fuel reserve for day VFR flight and on what cruise speed is the fuel reserve?
What is the minimum fuel reserve for day VFR flight, and on what cruise speed is the fuel reserve based? There must be enough fuel to fly to 1st point of intended landing and 30 mins beyond (day) or 45 mins beyond (night) assuming normal cruise speed.
What are the minimum fuel requirements in IFR conditions?
This rule says “no person may operate a civil aircraft in IFR conditions unless it carries enough fuel” to complete the flight and land with enough fuel for 45 minutes of normal cruise.
What is minimum fuel in aviation?
Minimum Fuel. … “Indicates that an aircraft’s fuel supply has reached a state where, upon reaching the destination, it can accept little or no delay. This is not an emergency situation but merely indicates an emergency situation is possible should any undue delay occur.”
How much spare fuel do planes carry?
Commercial flights typically carry at least one hour’s worth of additional fuel on top of that required to get to their destination, but this is often increased by the pilots depending on the circumstances on the day.
What is the minimum safe altitude?
(c) Over other than congested areas – An altitude of 500 feet above the surface except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In that case, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.
What are the documents required to be on your person for a flight?
Adult passengers 18 and over must show valid identification at the airport checkpoint in order to travel.
- Driver’s licenses or other state photo identity cards issued by Department of Motor Vehicles (or equivalent) …
- U.S. passport.
- U.S. passport card.
- DHS trusted traveler cards (Global Entry, NEXUS, SENTRI, FAST)
What is the maximum allowable flap setting for takeoff?
Generally speaking, little (up to 10 degrees) or no flap is prescribed for takeoff; see the pilot’s operating handbook (POH) for the airplane that you fly.
What is reserve fuel in aviation?
Final Reserve Fuel / Fixed Reserve Fuel / Holding Fuel
Final reserve fuel is the minimum fuel required to fly for 30 minutes at 1,500 feet above the alternate aerodrome or, if an alternate is not required, at the destination aerodrome at holding speed in ISA conditions.
How do we calculate Meto fuel?
For each METO horsepower of the engine, one-half pound of fuel is used. This amount of fuel is based on the assumption that the piston engine in cruise flight will burn 1 lb of fuel per hour for each horsepower, or 1⁄2 lb for 30 minutes.
Who has the right of way when two aircraft are on final approach to land at the same time?
14 CFR part 91, states that aircraft, while on final approach to land or while landing, have the right-of-way over other aircraft in flight or operating on the surface. When two or more aircraft are approaching an airport for the purpose of landing, the aircraft at the lower altitude has the right-of- way.
What aircraft certificates and documents must be on board?
We’ll start on familiar ground, with the mnemonic AROW. The letters stand for the documents that must be carried aboard an airplane. They are an airworthiness certificate, registration certificate, operating limitations, and weight and balance information.
What does minimum fuel imply to ATC?
What does the term “minimum fuel” imply to ATC? A) Advisory that indicates an emergency situation is possible should an undue delay occur.
What is datum in aviation?
The reference datum is an imaginary vertical plane from which horizontal distances are measured for aircraft weight and balance purposes. … The datum is determined by the manufacturer, and in small aircraft, the reference datum is often located along the firewall or at the leading edge of the wing.
What is Meto horsepower?
METO Horsepower (maximum except takeoff)
The maximum power allowed to be continuously produced by an engine. Takeoff power is usually limited to a given amount of time, such as 1 minute or 5 minutes.