Ground-based navigation equipment is not required for en route IFR RNAV operations when using GPS WAAS navigation systems. To use GPS for IFR approaches, you must use GPS avionics that are properly approved and installed, and all approach procedures to be flown must be retrievable from the airborne navigation database.
Can you fly IFR without GPS?
GPS is not available as a crutch for instrument flying, Autopilot is available as a crutch for instrument flying. GPS is only a navigational tool, and can be a complication in instrument flying as you have to learn how to use the whole box, not just the Direct To button.
What navigation equipment is required for IFR flight?
In the United States, instruments required for IFR flight in addition to those that are required for VFR flight are: heading indicator, sensitive altimeter adjustable for barometric pressure, clock with a sweep-second pointer or digital equivalent, attitude indicator, radios and suitable avionics for the route to be …
What requirements must your GPS meet before you can use it for IFR?
Using GPS IFR:
Using GPS IFR – must be equipped with an operational alternate means of navigation. Must have RAIM. Pilot must be familiar with GPS system on aircraft. Flight plans – if destination does not have an instrument approach, or only has a GPS approach, you must file an alternate.
Can you fly IFR with an expired GPS database?
Although you can fly en route IFR with an expired database, approaches are not authorized. … While it is not legal for approaches, you can use an expired database for en route and terminal operations, as long as you verify the data is still correct, generally by reference to paper charts.
Can you use GPS for a VOR approach?
GPS can be used in lieu of DME and ADF on all localizer-type approaches as well as VOR/DME approaches, including when charted NDB or DME transmitters are temporarily out of service. It also clarifies that IFR GPS satisfies the requirement for DME at and above Flight Level 240 specified in FAR 91.205(e).
Is tacan still used?
Like all other forms of ground-based aircraft radio navigation currently used, it is likely that TACAN will eventually be replaced by some form of space-based navigational system such as GPS.
Can you fly VFR at night?
Prudent pilots typically set higher weather minimums for night VFR flights. FAR 91.157—In order to get a Special VFR clearance at night, you must have an instrument rating, an instrument-equipped airplane, 1 mile visibility, be able to remain clear of clouds, and a Special VFR clearance from air traffic control.
How much does it cost to get a plane IFR certified?
An instrument rating costs around $8,000 which is primarily driven by the 40 required actual or simulated instrument flight training hours, as well as small costs for study materials and examination fees.
Do pilots use feet or meters?
Cloud height, visibility, runway length, and other distance measurements are often stated in meters or kilometers in those countries that use the metric system. Feet is just a “too good” natural fit for altitude, and is practically a dimensionless quantity. ATC and Pilots don’t care if it’s feet, meters, or whatzits.
What does WAAS stand for?
Satellite Navigation – Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) About FAA. All Visitors Federal Aviation Administration Search.
How do you calculate GPS?
To calculate the Longitude, Latitude and Height position, a GPS receiver precisely measures the different speed of light (299,792 km/s) delays in the signals coming from 4 or more satellites. The distance to each satellite is calculated, and then using trilateration, the 3D position of the GPS antenna is calculated.
When must the GPS database be up to date while flying?
Any approach procedure you want to fly must be retrievable from the current airborne navigation database which is updated every 28 days.
How long is a sectional chart good for?
The aeronautical information on Sectional Charts includes visual and radio aids to navigation, airports, controlled airspace, restricted areas, obstructions, and related data. These charts are updated every six months, most Alaska Charts annually.
What does RP mean on a sectional chart?
RP is the abbreviation for “right pattern” followed by the appropriate runway number(s) and indicates a right traffic pattern. RP* indicates that there are special conditions or restrictions for right traffic and the pilot should consult the Chart Supplement for those special instructions and/or restrictions.