How do pilots communicate with air traffic?

The most common form of communication in aviation, very high frequency (VHF) radio calls are what we use for around 95% of our communications with ATC. … So, with an aircraft at 36,000 feet and the ATC radio tower at 100 feet, communication will be possible up to 250 nautical miles away.

How do pilots communicate with each other?

They communicate with Air Traffic Control instead, using VHF and sometimes HF radio. That said, it is not unknown for pilots to pass messages to each on the air traffic frequency. … The aircraft themselves communicate with each other for the purpose of collision avoidance (TCAS). This system has no input from the pilot.

Can pilots communicate with other planes?

If another airplane encroaches upon the plane’s airspace, both pilots will receive an alert. The pilots can then take the necessary actions to avoid a collision. To communicate with air traffic controllers on the ground, pilots use either satellites or high-frequency radio systems when flying over the ocean.

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Can pilots text while flying?

Controllers and pilots aren’t using their cellphones to text, even though many passengers now do using apps and in-flight Wi-Fi. Instead, planes with modern cockpit systems can log on to new systems at air-traffic control centers and link digitally.

How do pilots know which direction to fly?

The associated instrument in the cockpit includes an arrow that points in the direction of the NDB ground station, telling the pilot where he is in relation to the NDB station. If a pilot wants to know where he is, he can point his aircraft in the direction of the needle and “follow” it directly to the station.

Why do pilots say Niner?

Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.

What do pilots usually say before takeoff?

Usually, the Captain will make a small briefing before take-off, sometimes indicating the priority for take-off (e.g. “We are third in priority for take-off, we should depart in about five minutes”). But there is always an announcement like: “Flight attendants, prepare for take-off please.”

Do pilots have guns?

Thousands of US airline pilots carry guns in the cockpit. Why do they do it – and how are they trained? … A year later, the Arming Pilots Against Terrorism Act was passed, allowing US pilots – working for US airlines – to carry guns in the cockpit.

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Can pilots see other planes on radar?

If a plane has a TCAS installed, it can communicate with other planes just as the ground-based radar system does. The TCAS pings the other plane’s transponder and gets information on its location and altitude. … As long as all the other planes had standard transponders, the system would work.

Do Chinese pilots speak English?

In China and Taiwan, controllers and pilots speak Mandarin to Chinese colleagues, and English to international pilots. Languages switch back and forth, making it challenging for crews to fly into busy airports when controllers rattle off instructions in both languages. Asian pilots frequently struggle with English.

Can a pilot sleep while flying?

Do pilots sleep in flight? The simple answer is yes, pilots do and are allowed to sleep during flight but there are strict rules controlling this practice. Pilots would only normally sleep on long haul flights, although sleep on short haul flights is permitted to avoid the effects of fatigue.

Is it good to marry a pilot?

Pilots have a unique profession and being married to them is very different from being married to someone with a predictable standard 8-5 desk job. … If you do end up marrying a pilot, consider adding some airline decor to your home. Check out our fine selection of High Flying Models, perfect for any aviation family.

How many hours are pilots allowed to fly?

14 CFR § 91.1059 – Flight time limitations and rest requirements: One or two pilot crews.

Normal duty
(3) Flight Time For 1 Pilot Up to 8 Hours
(4) Flight Time For 2 Pilots Up to 10 Hours
(5) Minimum After Duty Rest 10 Hours
(6) Minimum After Duty Rest Period for Multi-Time Zone Flights 14 Hours
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Why do planes not fly straight across the Atlantic?

Despite what some theories suggest, the Earth is not flat, and so curvature becomes an incredibly important factor in routes aircraft take. Similar to the Earth itself, aircraft, therefore, take flight routes that also appear to be a curved line, tracing the Earth’s shape.

What does a pilot see when flying?

Pilots have a unique viewpoint while flying private or commercial aircraft. They get an unobstructed view of stunning natural sights, such as pink lakes and rectangular-shaped icebergs. Some have reported seeing UFOs, while others have flown over swirling hurricanes.

Do pilots get scared?

It is possible that a pilot may be nervous, but they will act in accordance with their training. My experience is that professional pilots are people who deal with abnormal or emergency situations effectively.

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