How do I find weather information on a flight?

Complete weather information is available by telephone call or visit to the nearest FAA Flight Service Station (FSS) or designated NOAA Weather Service Office. Information is also available from private commercial vendors. During periods of marginal weather, briefers are busy and telephone delays may occur.

How can I check the weather for my flight?

Go to Search for your departure airport. If the airport is not listed, the city location is fine. Select “Hourly.” This will give you six hourly forecasts.

How often do airports record a weather observation?

Reports issued every 6 hours with amendments issued, as necessary,f or weather phenomena that are of operational interest to all aircraft.

How do I get an aviation weather brief?

Pilots can receive a complete preflight briefing from a Flight Service Station (1-800-WXBRIEF) or online at

What is a pilot weather report?

A Pilot Report or PIREP is a report of the actual weather conditions as encountered by an aircraft in flight. Traditionally, these reports are transmitted by radio to an appropriate ground station for dissemination but, when necessary, they can be made by telephone after landing.

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How dangerous is turbulence?

Danger of the turbulence to passengers and crew

Despite the discomfort—and fear—it induces, turbulence is a common part of most flights. When turbulence occurs, the risk of losing balance and getting an injury when moving around the cabin increases.

How high winds can planes fly?

There is no single maximum wind limit as it depends on the direction of wind and phase of flight. A crosswind above about 40mph and tailwind above 10mph can start to cause problems and stop commercial jets taking off and landing. It can sometimes be too windy to take-off or land.

What is the source of information where you find the aviation forecast for a specific airport?

Flight Service Station (FSS)

The FSS is the primary source for preflight weather information. A preflight weather briefing from an FSS can be obtained 24 hours a day by calling 1-800-WX BRIEF from anywhere in the United States and Puerto Rico.

Why are weather stations at airports?

Airport weather stations are automated sensor suites which are designed to serve aviation and meteorological operations, weather forecasting and climatology.

What kind of activities must meteorologists perform in their work?

Meteorologists work in weather forecasting, atmospheric research, teaching, and other kinds of applied meteorology such as air pollution control. Weather Forecasting – Forecasting has always been at the heart of meteorology.

How do you ask for a weather briefing?

Call 800-WX-BRIEF. At the prompt, ask for a flight briefer or special announcements. You will then be prompted to give the state you are flying in or to. This routes your call to a specialist who is knowledgeable about the weather in your part of the country.

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What are the four airport categories?

Under this changed certification process, airports are reclassified into four new classes, based on the type of air carrier operations served:

  • Class I, II, and IV airports are those that currently hold Part 139 Airport Operating Certificates (AOCs).
  • Class III are those airports that will be newly certificated.

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Who do I contact for flight following?

When you request flight following generally you contact the facility (either approach or center) responsible for the airspace you’re in, so your real question is “How the heck do I know whose airspace I’m in?!” The answer can usually be found on the charts, or in other FAA publications.

What are the two types of PIREPs?

There are two types of PIREPs: UA and UUA.

What makes a Pirep urgent?

URGENT. The following weather phenomena shall be classified as an URGENT (UUA) PIREP: 1. Tornadoes, funnel clouds, or waterspouts.